Author Ignacio-AguadedTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion
The indexed journals of high level of international visibility and with high impact of their jobs edit preferably results of research about their thematic focus, that use to be specialized. In some periodic publications, moreover, are admitted other kind of works as reports, studies and proposals, just like as selected reviews of literature (state-of-the-art articles). In all cases, the works always should be original, not have been published in any other media, neither being in publication process, being responsibility of the authors that sign this agreement.
The contributions, regarding the type, that generally accept the indexed journals are:
- Researches, this is, investigation results of quantitative qualitative character, with the classic structure of the scientific manuscripts: Introduction (literature review), Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and References.
- Reviews: it is, an exhaustive state-of- the-art about a research theme that is recent and actual in which it is valued above all the selective bibliography that should go around the 100 works. They use to be works done by researchers that are mentors in the theme that serve as a basis for later studies.
- Reports and Studies, with a more flexible structure in their approaches given that they do not propose results of empiric researches, but instead are reflexive analysis, studies of content, data collection…
- Proposals. This section is less usual, but also has range in some journals to collect more open works, centered essentially in prospectives, always based on wide reviews of scientific literature.
- Experiences. This section is not frequent on many scientific journals and is more typical from informational or professional journals where descriptions of “good practices” are collected.
Moreover, many publications also count with thematic sections, where the manuscripts are organized. Thus, towards the journals of free thematic, others count with a monographic periodically section, previously planned, with public call for paper sending through the popular “call for papers”, that is coordinated by both experts as thematic editors. Moreover, it is usual in these publications to count with a miscellaneous section where various contributions are collected within the general thematic of the publication, further than the accurate main theme.
In all cases, the criteria that this type of publications take into account for the selection in their jobs in all its sections use to be always identical: a) Quality of the literature; b) Analysis quality; c) Importance of the theme; d) Impact of the article; e) Advance of the field; f) Style; g) Balance
Author Raidell Avello MartínezTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion
Commonly, it is related the citation with the attribution of a text to other source. The citation has an important labor, to support and justify the own arguments (i.e., citing to researchers that refer opinions and criteria in line with ours), or to demonstrate the novelty of the adopted position (highlighting its disagreement or contrast towards the general trend of the critic). It is for that reason that the citation many times is used as rhetoric to persuade to the reader to the own approaches, but the reference of the previous literature is not only a matter of rhetoric or a convention that should be fulfilled. Instead, it is something essential to demonstrate that the text is in relation with the gained knowledge in the field of its discipline and that, therefore, is susceptible of forming up a valuable contribution since the advances suggested by previous investigations. In this sense, the cites help to define the specific context of knowledge or the specific problem towards which go the inquiries of the author.
To develop the citation process, there has been developed different styles as the one of the American Psychology Association (APA), Vancouver, (highly more used in the health sciences), Chicago, Harvard, among others, this rules do not limit to citation, moreover, they propose a series of styles for writing, sections and manuscript format. This indications propose the mode in which the sources are cited, some like Vancouver use the number that is assigned to the source in the list of references, ordered in the order of appearance in the body of the manuscript; others, like APA, use the system name and year, and the references are ordered alphabetically. Moreover, it is required that each source appears in the list of references. Continue reading
Author Ana Pérez-Escoda Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion
The key ideas of a scientific article constitute a simplified list of the contributions and more relevant results that are useful as a base in the argument of the manuscript presented by the author, what in real is contributed of original and new to the scientific community and is worthy to be outlined in a special mode without need of reading the whole text. It is about marking, outlining and highlighting the most important, leading the attention of our readers as if we were using a highlighter.
It sometimes occurs that the authors confuse the “highlights” or key ideas with an adapted version of the summary or abstract, when in real it does not have anything to do with. While the summary exposes a synthesis of the research: context, objectives, methodology, results and conclusions, the key ideas highlight in a minimum of 35 and maximum of 80 words the most considerable contributions that the research provides to the scientific community.
The main objective of this key idea is to visualize the academic value of the presented research, allowing to the target or interested group to know rapidly the interest of the article, its main contributions as well as its newness within the field of knowledge in which it develops. It is about a complementary section to the abstract of the article that introduces elements of knowledge about the content of the article in a relative fast way, making more effective the searches of the researchers in different databases.
The position of the key ideas comes determined by the regulation of each journal; there are some journals that mark the need of including these ideas in a separated file. However, others invite to the author to include them at the end of the text by itself, after the references.
The proliferation of the scientific literature and the quantity of the academic articles that nowadays a researcher could find in the databases make it really useful and worthy- each day more-, the need of including this section of “key ideas” to guarantee a great visibility and a more efficient reach of the results and contributions made, ensuring to grab attention in those academics, Scientifics and readers that could be interested in our research. It is an extra resource that the researcher counts with in order his or her research not to be careless.
Author Mª Amor Pérez-RodríguezTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion
Google is a powerful database in which it fits everything. That is its main strength, but also constitutes one of its weaknesses. In the academic field, Google Scholar is a search engine that collects cites, links to books and chapters, articles of scientific journals, communications and reports in congresses, scientific-technical reports, bibliographical reviews, academic works and different kinds of documents and files that have been uploaded to repositories (even academic programs).
The visibility of scientific production is a value in raise in the academy. Therefore, that the tool Google Scholar Metrics (GSM) has become an important resource both for researchers as well as for the journals, since it permits to establish the impact index of authors and scientific publications, from the cites that are collected in Google Scholar. Continue reading
Author Ignacio-Aguaded Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion
One of the most populist critics that are listened among the detractors of the international journals of high impact is its limited “audience”, that refers to, is restricted exclusively to the researchers and academics without getting to society. It is a trivial critic and without support because the essence and vocation of this kind of publications is to collect the most original and updated contributions of science, to improve society in fields like medicine, building, ecology, education, communication…
Being a journal of high impact is not only having cites in other publications as some academics argue vaguely, in order to, undoubtedly, discredit them, because although it is its visible part, there is a labor of base deeper that establishes to journals as bridges among research and social development. It is evident, on the other side, that this kind of publications do not intend to compete with the mass media that have other purposes, but we should not forget that many of them look for having repercussion in the mass media within this vocation of getting to wide audiences, in a divulgated way and without technical terms, the results of research that are published. The cases of “Nature” or “Science” are the two most well known examples of alternation among scientific communication and social transference in general.
Scopus® and Web of Science® are intranets of payment oriented to scientific searches that allow to support investigations through bibliographical sources of quality and with high level of cites, as it allows to recognize, limit and refine the search to those scientific journals that incorporate similar studies. The institutions of Higher Education, especially the universities contract collective subscriptions of these services benefiting the revision of documents of quality, exceeding the typical search on Google Scholar, by containing multiple files of refining as theme, topic, tittle, authors, name of the publication, DOI, language, type of document, ISSN, key words, summary, among others.
The search system of Scopus® is classified in 27 main thematic areas and 313 specific categories, among which outstand the medicine area with 48 and social sciences with 23 specific categories. Within the advanced search the investigator could opt for three alternatives, using the field code “SUBJAREA”, where there are represented the 27 main thematic areas:
One of the aspects that are a pain in the neck for most of the investigators when elaborating their reports, articles, etc. is the management of bibliographical references, especially in those novice authors. However, this is a crucial labor that should accompany to the reading and if it is done correctly since the beginning it could avoid future problems.
The reference managers that emerge with the domain of technologies make it easier this task, by giving great advantages to the tedious work of storing the references, organizing and adapting them to the corresponding norms, which, in addition could vary from one publication to another, with the consequent effort of adapting them once the article is elaborated. Therefore, it is always recommended to select in advance the journal to which it is destined the article in order to avoid unexpected surprises; although we count with the support of a bibliographical manager. Continue reading