RefWorks vs. EndNote

Author Águeda Delgado-Ponce– Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

In a previous post we reflected on the characteristics and advantages of using reference managers in the research, without concreting on anyone. In the present, we intend to address the particularities and differences of two managers really used by the scientific community: Refworks and Endnote.

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Refworks is the main tool contracted by the Universities for the creation of databases and personal library of the users. It requires therefore, belonging to a university and a previous registration. This way, you will have your bibliography accessible through the Web being able to: Continue reading

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Quality criteria in the publications

Author Luis M Romero-Rodríguez – Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

Although the concept of “quality” comes from the latin qualitas (perfection), it is not less true that the word has taken a polysemy meaning and even subjective. However, regarding to scientific publications there exist several indicators and criteria that guarantee their scientific qualities. Among the most important we find:

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  • Impact and prestige: A journal gets the higher punctuation in these criteria when it locates within the indexes of quality most important for the scientific community (Journal Citation Reports and Scopus). However, there exist other seals or indexations that guarantee a fewer impact but that is in the path to obtaining it, like the Excellence seal FECYT, ERIH+ or the Emerging Citation Source Index.
  • Visibility and access: The visibility relates with the facility of finding and reading a published article, while the access refers to the diffusion politics of the journal (open access, restricted access, payment access, etc.). In order to increase the visibility, the journals- like Comunicar- publish in several idiomatic versions, make an effort in the academic SEO, publish in several formats of inter-operability (PDF, EPub, HTML, XML), diffuse the preprint version of the article and are active in the academic social networks (Academia.edu, ResearchGate, Mendeley) and general (Facebook, Twitter, Youtube).
  • Punctuality and seriousness: Maybe one the most important points of the scientific publications is the punctuality and the rigor in the revision times. The scientific publications are not anything without the authors and reviewers that trust in them, ergo is not trivial to accomplish with at least a prudential time to emit a report about the article. In this case Comunicar Journal keeps an honor code in evaluating an article in a maximum time of 100 days and of 30 days to emit the estimation or previous dismissal of the article (for not accomplishing the formal requirements or of thematic line).
  • Rigorousness of the process: All the processes of quality scientific journals must be both auditable and transparent. In this sense, publications must have expert scientific reviewers in the subject of specialization and avoid endogamy at all costs.
  • Ethics and commitment: The Editorial Board of a publication, as well as its Scientific Council and its Board of reviewers must understand the importance of taking care of aspects such as conflicts of interest, responsibility, confidentiality and honesty of their work, assuming objectivity and scientific rigor as a north.
  • Editorial Management: The guarantee in the use of auditable systems (as the Open Journal System, ScholarOne, etc.) is an important point for the authors to follow the editorial process and make it possible changes in the shipment.
  • Scientific community: The scientific community is the reason of living of every publication. The authors, reviewers, readers, sympathizers, members of the Scientific Council, of the Writing Board and of the Editorial Council must compose a great ecosystem of experts and referents of the theme for the journal to constitute in a meeting point of academic debate.
  • Emerging technologies: The strategic use of social networks and the continue adaptation to new indicators (as AltMetrics), is necessary for the journal to get updated.
  • Originality and progress: All the manuscripts of a publication must be unpublished, original and contribute in some way to the progress of the science, discipline or area of knowledge. In this sense it is vital to have plagiarism control systems (such as CrossCheck, SimilarityCheck, Turnitin, etc.) and a board of expert reviewers in each of the themes.
  • The author as maximum: The author is the epicenter of all scientific publications, given that provides them of content and offers its studies for the diffusion.

In Comunicar Journal we have prepared the next explicative video about the editorial criteria.

 

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Indexations

Author Ignacio-Aguaded– Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

The scientific journals have become in the first tool and vehicle of the scientific communication. Progressively to the traditional book, for its own difficulties of adapting to a digital world, has lost weight, even in the social, legal and humanistic areas.

One of the constant reasons for the continuous recognition of the journals, as engines of scientific visibility has been its capacity for adapting to the new channels of processing and diffusion of science. Similarly, the scientific periodic publications are known and recognized for the scientific community regarding of its editorial quality, its visibility grade and its impact levels in the scientific production, measured both for the cites in other publications as well for its presence in alternative metrics.

Precisely, these three factors (editorial quality, visibility and impact factor) differ drastically the scientific publications among the excellent ones and the rest of them. Because one of the reasons of success of the journals is precisely that the researchers and the readers can identify the journals of high quality from those that are not or are in process.

To index journals is to “classify” them, to give them an order, for multiple criteria, even though that in the scientific community it is placed as a preferential factor the impact and the citations of this publication in others of the same level.

The indexations and their classification in quartiles are a simple way of hierarchizing the journals in the main indexes of the world depending on the quartile in which they are located. As we indicated in another post, the Q1 journals are the ones that occupy the best places and therefore are the most prestigious and famous in their classifications because they have gotten for the year of its valorization the best and most numerous cites of their journals. Therefore, very few journals have the possibility to access to these levels of international excellence and even more if they are published outside the scientific-technical and Anglo- Saxon fields, since the lingua franca is by far the English and the technical- sanitary studies are the most thriving internationally.

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The most recognized indexations at an international level are the ones that are generated from the databases of WoS (Web of Science), from the Clarivate Analytics company, which main product and most renowned in the world, since decades, is the Journal Citation Reports. This portal contains approximately 11,600 journals from all areas and countries of the world, with a predominance of English and the Anglo-Saxon world. The list, like all its services, are nowadays private and only accessible from individual or collective subscriptions (this is the case of Universities or research centers).

In second place, and in progressive growing, it is found the database Scopus, which counts with two great independent indexers and with differentiated results: CiteScore and SJR (Scimago Journal Ranking), both with public profile and accessible since any Internet connection: http://www.scimagojr.com/, https://journalmetrics.scopus.com/. Citescore with 22.500 indexed journals and SJR with 28.500.

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These portals are basic tools of every researcher that would like to be updated with the scientific publications of greater prestige, visibility and recognition at an international level.

“Comunicar” has published, as service for their readers and authors, a ranking of Spanish journals, especially of Communication, Education and Cultural Studies with the three most known indexations: https://goo.gl/JGHkZL. Together with WoS and Scopus, it is also collected in Google, as macro-basis of global information, that in its academic section (Google Scholar Metrics: GSM), measures the journals annually for their H index (look the other post of this blog), according to their languages: https://goo.gl/Y68m8n.

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The meta-labels, describing electronic documents

Author Rafael Repiso – Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

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The digitalization of the information carries more complexity than the simple transference of data among the paper and the screen. As a result of this complexity there emerge the metadata, descriptive labels, continuing with the catalographic tradition, whose object is the normalized description of the documents with the object that they register easily and become easily integrated into big sets of data and however, retrievable according to its characteristics, both formal and of content.

What does it mean? Well, something simple, that the electronic documents of relevance, as the scientific articles, should have assigned labels that describe them, title labels, names of the authors, theme or the media in which are published, among others. Nowadays there exist different technologies that make it possible the descriptive mark of electronic documents, outstanding for its greater use the XML format (more generic), the model of data RDF or the concrete model of metadata Dublin Core (database model based on XML and RDF).

In the context of metadata of the scientific articles, the good journals introduce the metalabels in the moment of creation of the works, layout of the pdf or other formats. This allows to the databases as Web of Science, Scopus or Google Scholar, identify the documents unambiguously and register and describe them properly. In the same way, the meta-labels allow the bibliographic management references as Mendeley, Zotero or RefWorks to import data from the documents that are kept in them automatically without the need of describing the documents, this given the case that the meta-labels are correct and complete.

Therefore, in the context of the digital documentation, the development of the meta-labels is essential for the later diffusion and visibility of the documents. A work without meta-labels or with wrong meta-labels will be as a book hidden in a library, which does not appear in the catalogue or appears in a wrong way, an invisible document.

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Call for Papers

Author Ana Pérez-Escoda – Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

The growing importance of the scientific publications as formats of the science in the last years, have done that the expression «Call for papers» is assumed as a topic within the scientific-academic field with an outstanding importance for every investigator that aims to publish his or her works in the appropriate journal and in the number of the same that is adjusted the most to the lines of research.

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It concerns with the Anglicism for the «Llamada de artículos» that depending on who convenes it, the proposal of the call will be different: a) it could suppose the announcement of submitting of the works that universities make when organizing congresses, symposiums, or academic meetings; or b) it supposes the public call that open the academic journals periodically (depending on the periodicity of the publication) giving the opportunity to researchers and academics of uploading their jobs, manuscripts, chapters and contributions to a digital platform, normally an OJS (Open Journal Systems) or platforms of editorial management, where the manuscripts start to make a peer evaluation for its evaluation and its subsequent publication.

The call for papers is published in the web page of the journal, but also is sent through distribution lists or newsletters, centering their attention in a concrete theme with some investigation topics to present numbers that concentrate the best articles in a relevant theme. Moreover, to reinforce the calls, we find the figure of thematic editor: are eventual editors of the journal, academics with a meaningful line of scientific development about the concrete theme that is called, fulfilling with the role of academic “hosts” of the call, that foster to the academic community to send their contributions.

Its structure varies according to the publications, in the traditional format it is given a title that defines the call in its themes and research lines, the title is followed by context lines, introductory to the theme that is proposed with some descriptors in the mode of a guide. However, with the proliferation of technology, there are found more updated versions where the thematic editors present videos explaining the call and fostering their colleagues to submit manuscripts.

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The call has become, undoubtedly, in a key aspect in the agenda of every investigator that should observe in the net looking for the perfect call that is best adjusted to the research topics, valuing who emits the call and what is its proposal.

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The peer review process

Author Raidell Avello Martínez– Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

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Since the XVII century, scientific journals started to be published. The Journal of Scavans was published in Paris in 1655; after some time, it appears in England the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and so on, and so forth it was increasing in a fast way, during the XIX century, the number of journals. Towards this phenomenon, since the XX century, it was evidenced the need to implement a method to validate scientific works written by the researchers that were presented to journals.

This method was called “peer review”, and its proposal is to measure the quality, feasibility and credibility of the investigations, looking to be published, either its processes or effects or to present them towards funding organizations. This method is named peer review, because the manuscript is checked by researchers, presumably experts, in the same way as the author, in the area.

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Consortium Journals

Author Angel Torres ToukoumidisTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

Consortium Journals

The globalization process has arrived to the academic sphere of diverse modes, among them are, the open access , the concurrence of multiple languages, the scientific social networks , and of course the consortium journals.

The consortium journals emerge since the need of grouping those belonging to thematic areas in tune with the aim of setting up new spaces of publication for authors, giving greater international visibility and increasing the transparency of the editorial processes. In the end, the aim is to constitute specialized networks of periodic publications; independently if they come from universities, governmental entities or scientific associations that are interested in maximizing their diffusion.

The consortium of journals is based mainly in three aspects:

  1. Interchange of reviewers: Getting to know that the areas of knowledge are kept in permanent diversification, the fact of having associated publications facilitates the contact with profiles of experts in different themes.
  2. Notification of the publication of a new number: Through a constant communication among the editors of the consortium journals it is possible to  advance in the preprint versions, later announcements and new numbers.
  3. Promotion of the journal in the website: It is included the link and the logo in the main page of the website of the consortium journal.

For its part, the scientific journal Comunicar, pioneer of this initiative, contains certain politics for a potential consortium. Among them it highlights that the agreement formalizes with open access journal that contains at least electronic version (physic version is optional), and that are found indexed as a minimum in a score of database including platforms of journal evaluation, selective newspapers libraries, engines of scientific literature and catalogues of international libraries. Nowadays, counts with a consortium of journals as Mediterránea de Comunicación, Fonseca. Journal of Communication, RIED. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación a Distancia, Diálogos de la Comunicación, Alteridad. Revista de Educación, among others.

In short, recognizing that Scopus contains 293 journals of communication, the fact of achieving a consortium among the 10% not only will mean a progress for the science and an advance for the same but for the thousands of authors that look for an opportunity of making public their researches.

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