“School of Authors” is a website from Comunicar, Scientific Journal in Education and Communication, indexed in main international data bases, that complements other websites in Spanish, English and Portuguese. “School of Authors” is written and edited, basically, by the Editorial Board of “Comunicar” and it aims to offer different sources, for manuscript submissions in scientific journals in a planned and strategic manner. It is intended to make authors think about scientific information management for publishing scientific manuscripts in high impact journals.
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The meta-labels, describing electronic documents

Author Rafael Repiso – Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

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The digitalization of the information carries more complexity than the simple transference of data among the paper and the screen. As a result of this complexity there emerge the metadata, descriptive labels, continuing with the catalographic tradition, whose object is the normalized description of the documents with the object that they register easily and become easily integrated into big sets of data and however, retrievable according to its characteristics, both formal and of content.

What does it mean? Well, something simple, that the electronic documents of relevance, as the scientific articles, should have assigned labels that describe them, title labels, names of the authors, theme or the media in which are published, among others. Nowadays there exist different technologies that make it possible the descriptive mark of electronic documents, outstanding for its greater use the XML format (more generic), the model of data RDF or the concrete model of metadata Dublin Core (database model based on XML and RDF).

In the context of metadata of the scientific articles, the good journals introduce the metalabels in the moment of creation of the works, layout of the pdf or other formats. This allows to the databases as Web of Science, Scopus or Google Scholar, identify the documents unambiguously and register and describe them properly. In the same way, the meta-labels allow the bibliographic management references as Mendeley, Zotero or RefWorks to import data from the documents that are kept in them automatically without the need of describing the documents, this given the case that the meta-labels are correct and complete.

Therefore, in the context of the digital documentation, the development of the meta-labels is essential for the later diffusion and visibility of the documents. A work without meta-labels or with wrong meta-labels will be as a book hidden in a library, which does not appear in the catalogue or appears in a wrong way, an invisible document.

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Call for Papers

Author Ana Pérez-Escoda – Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

The growing importance of the scientific publications as formats of the science in the last years, have done that the expression «Call for papers» is assumed as a topic within the scientific-academic field with an outstanding importance for every investigator that aims to publish his or her works in the appropriate journal and in the number of the same that is adjusted the most to the lines of research.

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It concerns with the Anglicism for the «Llamada de artículos» that depending on who convenes it, the proposal of the call will be different: a) it could suppose the announcement of submitting of the works that universities make when organizing congresses, symposiums, or academic meetings; or b) it supposes the public call that open the academic journals periodically (depending on the periodicity of the publication) giving the opportunity to researchers and academics of uploading their jobs, manuscripts, chapters and contributions to a digital platform, normally an OJS (Open Journal Systems) or platforms of editorial management, where the manuscripts start to make a peer evaluation for its evaluation and its subsequent publication.

The call for papers is published in the web page of the journal, but also is sent through distribution lists or newsletters, centering their attention in a concrete theme with some investigation topics to present numbers that concentrate the best articles in a relevant theme. Moreover, to reinforce the calls, we find the figure of thematic editor: are eventual editors of the journal, academics with a meaningful line of scientific development about the concrete theme that is called, fulfilling with the role of academic “hosts” of the call, that foster to the academic community to send their contributions.

Its structure varies according to the publications, in the traditional format it is given a title that defines the call in its themes and research lines, the title is followed by context lines, introductory to the theme that is proposed with some descriptors in the mode of a guide. However, with the proliferation of technology, there are found more updated versions where the thematic editors present videos explaining the call and fostering their colleagues to submit manuscripts.

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The call has become, undoubtedly, in a key aspect in the agenda of every investigator that should observe in the net looking for the perfect call that is best adjusted to the research topics, valuing who emits the call and what is its proposal.

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The peer review process

Author Raidell Avello Martínez– Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

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Since the XVII century, scientific journals started to be published. The Journal of Scavans was published in Paris in 1655; after some time, it appears in England the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and so on, and so forth it was increasing in a fast way, during the XIX century, the number of journals. Towards this phenomenon, since the XX century, it was evidenced the need to implement a method to validate scientific works written by the researchers that were presented to journals.

This method was called “peer review”, and its proposal is to measure the quality, feasibility and credibility of the investigations, looking to be published, either its processes or effects or to present them towards funding organizations. This method is named peer review, because the manuscript is checked by researchers, presumably experts, in the same way as the author, in the area.

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Consortium Journals

Author Angel Torres ToukoumidisTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

Consortium Journals

The globalization process has arrived to the academic sphere of diverse modes, among them are, the open access , the concurrence of multiple languages, the scientific social networks , and of course the consortium journals.

The consortium journals emerge since the need of grouping those belonging to thematic areas in tune with the aim of setting up new spaces of publication for authors, giving greater international visibility and increasing the transparency of the editorial processes. In the end, the aim is to constitute specialized networks of periodic publications; independently if they come from universities, governmental entities or scientific associations that are interested in maximizing their diffusion.

The consortium of journals is based mainly in three aspects:

  1. Interchange of reviewers: Getting to know that the areas of knowledge are kept in permanent diversification, the fact of having associated publications facilitates the contact with profiles of experts in different themes.
  2. Notification of the publication of a new number: Through a constant communication among the editors of the consortium journals it is possible to  advance in the preprint versions, later announcements and new numbers.
  3. Promotion of the journal in the website: It is included the link and the logo in the main page of the website of the consortium journal.

For its part, the scientific journal Comunicar, pioneer of this initiative, contains certain politics for a potential consortium. Among them it highlights that the agreement formalizes with open access journal that contains at least electronic version (physic version is optional), and that are found indexed as a minimum in a score of database including platforms of journal evaluation, selective newspapers libraries, engines of scientific literature and catalogues of international libraries. Nowadays, counts with a consortium of journals as Mediterránea de Comunicación, Fonseca. Journal of Communication, RIED. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación a Distancia, Diálogos de la Comunicación, Alteridad. Revista de Educación, among others.

In short, recognizing that Scopus contains 293 journals of communication, the fact of achieving a consortium among the 10% not only will mean a progress for the science and an advance for the same but for the thousands of authors that look for an opportunity of making public their researches.

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The Q1, the excellence for antonomasia

Author Ignacio-Aguaded Translation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

Today, talking about scientific journals in Universities is a theme, given the importance that for any researcher has to become known and edit in any periodic publication of quality their research results if he or she wants to have visibility of their jobs and academic reward of their studies.

It is especially remarkable in a university and academic environment, to confirm the lack of knowledge that exists among the staff of university professors (and even with fake assumptions) about the quality journals, the importance of their editorial management, their visibility indexes and the impact factor in the scientific community.

One of these confusing points, and in many occasions, misunderstood, are the indexations and their classification in quartiles, a simple way of organizing (hierarchically) the journals in the main indexes in the world based on the quartile in which they allocate.

The Q1 journals are the ones that occupy the best positions and therefore, are the most prestigious and famous in their classifications because they have gotten for the valuation of the year the best and most numerous cites of their journals.

In the Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics) the most renowned index at the level of the world is counted this year with 123 Spanish journals, from which only 5 have the honor of being (JCR-Q1: 1) 1) Emergencias (Health), 2) European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context (Psychology), 3) COMUNICAR (Communication/ Education), 4) Revista Matemática Complutense; 5) European Journal for Philosophy of Science. They are, without doubt, the top journals of the Spanish Science. Among them it is “Comunicar”, the unique journal in Social Sciences that keeps its status in this selected group.

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Scopus, the second database of high level and international prestige, counts with two indicators: the CiteScore and the SJR (Scimago Journal Ranking). In this portal nowadays we count with 514 Spanish journals from the 28,606 that are found in the base in 2016 (only a 1,79% are Spanish, a very reduced percentage of the potential of the science in our country). From this, only a 5,25% are SJR-Q1, in total 27, it means that only 0,094% of the journals Scopus SJR-Q1 are Spanish, a really low percentage and significant of the editorial scientific staff from our country and of the support from the administrations and from the research community to the same.

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In SJR-Q1 “Comunicar” reaches the 7th position from the 27 existent and is the unique that keeps the Q1 in three differenced areas: Communication Q1, Education Q1 and Cultural Studies Q1.

In short, our country will continue struggling to position its science in the visible journals of high impact in the world. The Administration, the Universities and the community of Spanish researchers have a lot to say…and even to do.

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Immediacy factor: Eigenfactor

Author Ana Pérez-EscodaTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

In the current panorama of metrics that measure our scientific production, traditional metrics and alternatives, it becomes confusing, and sometimes, oppressive to interpret or to know the indexes and indicators that measure and justify the value of academic production. It is for that reason that today we devote this post to the indexes of valuation of scientific journals Eigenfactor.

In 2007 two academics of Washington University, Jevin West and Carl Bergstrom, created an alternative way of evaluating the impact of scientific journals: EigenfactorTM Metrics. The Eigenfactor punctuation values the relative importance of a publication for the scientific community, in a way that the sum of the punctuations of all the magazines sums 100; however, this punctuation is influenced by the size of a publication measured by the number of annual published articles (a magazine that duplicates the number of articles that publishes, duplicates in the same way its Eigenfactor punctuation).

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The Eigenfactor punctuation offers two different indexes:

  • Eigenfactor Score. Based on the number of times that the published articles in the last five years have been cited in the present year. The essential difference with the other, more than the years, is:
    • Takes into account cites both of sciences as well as social sciences.
    • Eliminates the self cites (the cites within the same journal).
    • It gives more value to those cites that appear in the most important journals.
  • Article Influence Score: It is obtained since the Eigenfactor, measuring the influence of the articles of a journal in the next five years. It is obtained by dividing the Eigenfactor among the quantity of published articles.

Both indexes are included among the presentations of the ISI Reuters (JCR), with the idea of not considering only the  Impact Factor, as the unique pattern of measuring the scientific quality, because of that we find us included in the repertoire of metrics that the ISI Web of Science offers.

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The idea that moves this measuring is that it does not matter how much a journal is cited, but who do it and how do they do it. This way, it does not have the same value a self cite (within the own journal) or citing in a journal without impact than a citation in a most cited of the world journal. In the practice this differentiation is obtained with the creation of networks of relation of disciplines through links, the journals with most links obtain greater value and that value is measured towards the cites that emit given that identifies if a journal has greater or less weight in the network. It is in conclusion a network indicator that outlines a map of relations among disciplines that adds meaningful information complementing the IF of the journal.

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Bergstrom C. (2007). Eigenfactor: Measuring the value and prestige of academic journals. C&RL News, May 2007, 314-316. Available on http://octavia.zoology.washington.edu/publications/Bergstrom07.pdfen: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/publications/crlnews/2007/may/eigenfactor.cfm

 

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Alternative metrics: ALM

Author Rafael RepisoTranslation: Erika-Lucia Gonzalez-Carrion

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What are the Almetrics? They are metrics to measure the scientific activity, which origin is the register of information in digital platforms. Therefore, the first almetrics begin with Internet (number of views and downloads) and develop specially with the apparition of social and academic platforms in the context of the Web 2.0.

Which are the main metrics used nowadays?

The alternative metrics increase in the same way that appears web services that register and spread scientific works. In a recent article, Daniel Torres-Salinas, Álvaro Cabezas and Evaristo Jiménez (2013) proposed a classification of the main almetrics indicators:

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We see how the altmetrics are not other thing that an exploitation of the register of information that the scientific articles let in different web platforms.

What should we take into account when interpreting some of the multiple alternative metrics?

The Altmetrics should be studied according to several aspects:

  1. Meaning. What does the indicator mean? What does it mean that an article has a retweet or share for Facebook? A basic problem is that people believes that Altmetrics substitute to the deified Impact Factor, but in fact, the greatest majority are not impact indicators, they contribute information, but over other dimensions.
  2. Diffussion. The greatest part of the Altmetrics tells us about the presence and prevalence in a digital context (Twitter, Facebook, Mendeley, Blogs, etc.). We can say that in general terms the Altmetrics tell about diffusion. The key is to distinguish what is a good or bad diffusion. To have 5 tweets is a good diffusion?
  3. Effort and strength of the indicator. Other basic aspect to evaluate altmetrics is the effort that costs to make registers. Moreover, we should think if there exists other type of filter that regulates its production. For example, to create a tweet about an article is easy and nobody can avoid it. While citing an article is complicated because first you have to make a work since which citing it and second publishing it with the natural filters. It is for that reason that many altmetrics are especially easy to manipulate. Does it have sense to regulate us?

In short the Altmetrics are new indicators that contribute information about different dimensions, which we did not have a way to measure.

Torres, D., Cabezas, Á., & Jiménez, E. (2013). Altmetrics: new indicators for scientific communication in Web 2.0. Comunicar, 21 (41). https://doi.org/10.3916/C41-2013-05

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